Our office specializes in podiatric disorders, diagnosis and treatment.
Achilles Foot and Ankle is equipped to handle all your podiatric needs from routine checkups to treatments for surgery. For your benefit, we have listed descriptions of our leading services below.
Achilles’ Tendonitis is an inflammation with pain in the back of the heel. The pain starts with the morning’s first steps and worsens with increased activity. This condition usually occurs due to excessive activity or wearing unhealthy heels. Studies have revealed that bursitis, bone bruises, and tears of the tendon can occur if not treated properly. Treatment options include reduced activity, temporary use of higher heeled shoes, injection therapy, as well as anti-inflammatory medication. But if pains and disability increase, it is wise to get a professional opinion right away. Delaying or “walking it off” can cause further injury. Injection therapy and prescribed medication combined with a soft cast or walker usually helps your foot to heal while continuing to stay active. However, if a there is a tear, surgery or a cast may be necessary.
A bunion is a common, progressive problem of the big toe joint. Bunions occur when misaligned big toe joints become swollen and tender. This causes the first joint of the big toe to slant outward and the second joint to angle toward the other toes. The joint becomes deformed, weak, and enlarged. Shoes can discomfort the side joint and the middle of the joint becomes stiff and sore with arthritis.
Wearing shoes that are too tight is the leading cause of bunions. Bunions are not hereditary, but foot injuries, neuromuscular problems, flat feet and pronated feet can contribute to their formation. Bunions can also lead to other toe deformities such as hammertoe.
Because they are bone deformities, bunions do not resolve themselves. If not treated right away or properly, the deformity process can progress from Stage 1 to Stage 5. Care for eliminating the pain can change from non-surgical treatments to the point of foot surgery or modification being the only option for a cure. Common methods for reducing pressure and pain caused by bunions include:
When members of your family have a background of foot problems, flat feet may become inherited. To see if this will occur in your feet or a child’s, an early evaluation is recommended. Flat feet can cause deformity, performance issues, pain, and difficulty fitting shoes. However, not all flat feet are in need of care. But in most cases, a special shoe, shoe modifications, foot orthotics, and in some cases braces. In a severe or advanced case, surgery may be required. Your podiatrist can coordinate visits with shoe therapists, physical therapists, and doctors to get the most benefit out of your feet.
When there is a dislocation of any toe joint, you have hammertoe. Because of the way it bends under like a claw, it resembles a hammer in a piano. A callus or corn can form on the end of the toe due to pressure. Hammertoes progress from flexible to rigid deformities. It is at this stage when wearing everyday shoes can become painful. You can take care of your hammertoes by trimming the corn or callus, wearing shoes with a wider and higher box, and applying pads that help relieve pressure. A visit to your local podiatrist can help determine how severe your condition is and what treatments are available. This can involve special shoes or a minor surgical procedure that will remove the portion on bone causing the hammering.
All diabetics are warned their metabolic disease will often affect their bodies with tragic consequences, especially in their feet, eyes, and kidneys. Diabetes is often associated with infections, loss of strength and balance, foot ulcers, poor circulation, burning, numbness, gangrene, and amputations. If you have diabetes, it is important to prevent foot problems before they occur. Diabetes, if not properly maintained, can cause damage to your immune and nervous system. If this happens, you may not be able to feel your feet properly. This poses as a risk factor you will not want to take. Having properly fitted shoes that accommodate blisters, bunions, corns, etc. will definitely be a step in the right direction. If you have diabetes, see your local podiatrist to see what you can do to help prevent these complications from arising in the future. At the least, an annual podiatric visit is recommended.
Heel pain (plantar fasciitis) is commonly traced to inflammation on the bottom of the foot. Our office can evaluate your arch pain and may prescribe customized shoe inserts to help relieve the pain.
Corns and calluses are formed when ground pressure or shoes press against the balls of the feet. The friction or pressure then causes a hard layer of skin around the foot to defend itself against irritation that may occur. The longer the pressure continues, the worse the corn can get. Deformities such as hammertoes and bunions often cause unnatural contact in the shoe, which in turn forms corns. As a result from one toe rubbing against another, a soft corn may form. You can treat this at home by soaking the foot in warm, soapy water then filing away the surface with a fine emery board. A podiatry visit will be necessary if pain continues to exist. Your podiatrist will let you know if your corn is caused by simply wearing the wrong shoes, deformity, or biochemical pathology. Several treatments are available depending on your pain level, life style, and activity level.
Athlete’s foot is a common foot infection. It causes cracked feet and water filled blisters that may itch or burn on the soles of the feet or between the toes. It can infect the toenails causing them to thicken and become discolored. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can lead to secondary bacterial infection if left untreated, especially for people with circulatory problems and diabetes. To cure this is infection and prevent it from coming back prompt treatment is recommended. This will also ensure that your family members and others won’t get it as well. Treatment involves identifying and removing the infection and medicating the toenails and surrounding skin. This will alleviate the affected toenails, inflammation as well as reduce the rash and blisters.